What is the cornea?
The cornea is the clear dome-shaped tissue on the front of the eye. It protects the eye from germs and debris while providing a clear path for light to enter the eye and focus on the retina. It consists of five discreet layers including the epithelium, Bowman’s layer, stroma, Descemet’s membrane, and endothelium.
What is a cornea transplant?
A cornea transplant involves taking healthy tissue from a donor and using it to replace diseased or damaged tissue in a patient’s eye. There are various types of corneal transplants depending on what portions of the cornea need to be replaced. The most common include: penetrating keratoplasty (PKP), Descemet’s stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK), and Descemet’s membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK).