What is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is a group of eye conditions characterized by irreversible damage to the optic nerve. This damage to the optic nerve may lead to permanent blindness. Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness in the United States and second leading cause of blindness in the world.
People with glaucoma often do not experience pain or recognizable symptoms in the early stages of the disease. When the optic nerve becomes damaged by glaucoma, peripheral vision is usually the first to be lost.
Early diagnosis and treatment of glaucoma is essential to minimize or prevent optic nerve damage and vision loss. When glaucoma is detected early, the progress of the disease can be slowed through medical and surgical treatment.